6 Types of Warehousing and Concept of Warehousing

Are you an eCommerce seller in India looking to expand your online retail business? If so, you may be familiar with the concept of warehousing and its many types. As a relatively complex process, understanding the different kinds of warehousing that exist can be tricky – but it’s worth taking the time to get your head around them. So if you need help unravelling what each type does and how these can benefit your business operations, this blog post will provide a comprehensive overview of everything related to warehousing – from basic concepts and types of warehouses to tips on selecting the ideal warehouse for meeting your needs. Keep reading to find out more!

What is Warehousing?

Warehousing is an essential part of the supply chain process and a critical component for any eCommerce seller or online retailer. It refers to the storage of goods and products, which are then shipped to customers or other businesses.

In its simplest form, warehousing can be defined as the practice of storing goods and products in a designated facility until they are ready for sale or distribution. This practice helps eCommerce sellers and online retailers provide their customers with better service, as it allows them to maintain large inventories without taking up too much space in their own facilities. Additionally, it also helps improve efficiency by streamlining the order fulfilment process and reducing delivery times.

Types of Warehousing

There are 6 main types of warehouses that eCommerce sellers can use for their operations: public warehousing, contract warehousing, dedicated warehousing, cross-docking facilities, bonded warehouses, and cold storage warehouses. Let’s take a closer look at each one in more detail:                                                                                                                                

Public Warehouses

Public warehouses are operated by third-party companies that offer short-term storage services to various clients on an as-needed basis. These warehouses have flexible rental terms and can be used for both short-term storage needs or long-term contracts depending on your business needs. They also come with access to added services like order fulfilment and pick & pack services that make it easier to manage your inventory efficiently.

Contract Warehouses

Contract warehouses are similar to public warehouses but they usually involve longer-term contracts between the warehouse operator and client companies. This type of warehousing provides more security since it locks in rates for longer periods of time while still offering access to additional services like order fulfilment and pick & pack operations.

Dedicated Warehouses

Dedicated warehouses involve long-term contracts between the warehouse operator and client companies where the latter has exclusive use over the facility for their own goods or products. This type of warehouse offers maximum control over inventory management since it provides complete visibility into all aspects of stock movement from start to finish.

Cross-Docking Facilities

Cross-docking facilities are primarily used for order fulfilment purposes as they allow orders from multiple vendors to be combined into one shipment which can then be sent out directly from the warehouse without having to go through any intermediate processes like picking & packing or repacking items separately. This type of facility is ideal for those who need quick turnaround times on orders as it eliminates any delays caused by additional processing steps.

Bonded Warehouses

Bonded warehouses are used mainly by customs authorities when goods come into a country from overseas markets so that they can be stored securely until taxes have been paid at which point they will be released back into circulation within domestic markets. They also come with added security features such as CCTV surveillance cameras which help ensure maximum safety while items are stored on-site awaiting release into circulation after taxes have been paid upfront on importation duties etc.

Cold Storage Warehouses

Finally, cold storage warehouses provide specialized storage conditions suitable for food items like fruits & vegetables that require particular temperature settings to keep them fresh until sale or distribution takes place either domestically or internationally depending on business requirements etc.

These types of facilities also come with sophisticated monitoring systems that can detect changes in temperature quickly so that corrective measures can be taken swiftly if necessary, unlike traditional warehouse environments which may not always have optimal conditions suitable for food preservation purposes etc.

Tips to select the ideal warehouse

There are companies such as NimbusPost that offer end-to-end warehouse management along with full-fledged ecommerce logistics services in India. Leveraging their fully-equipped warehouses and fulfilment facilities can help with efficient order fulfilment at competitive rates. Let’s take a look at the key tips that you should look at while selecting a warehouse.

1.  Location

One of the most important factors to consider when selecting a warehouse is its location. The warehouse should be situated in an area that is close to your target market and/or your suppliers. Additionally, the warehouse should be easily accessible by road, rail, or air.

2.  Size

The size of the warehouse should be appropriate for your needs. If you are planning on storing a large volume of goods, you will need a larger warehouse. However, if you are only planning on storing a small volume of goods, you can get by with a smaller warehouse.

3.  Storage Capacity

Another important factor to consider is the storage capacity of the warehouse. Make sure that the warehouse has enough space to accommodate all of the goods that you plan on storing. Additionally, check to see if the warehouse has any special features that could be beneficial for storing your particular type of goods (e.g., temperature-controlled storage for perishable items).

4.  Security

When selecting a warehouse, it is important to make sure that it is secure. The warehouse should have security measures in place to deter theft and protect your goods from damage or vandalism. Some things to look for include security cameras, alarms, and gates/fences around the perimeter of the property.

5.  Cost

Of course, one of the most important factors to consider when selecting a warehouse is cost. Make sure to compare prices between different warehouses before making a decision. Additionally, consider other costs associated with using the warehouse, such as transportation costs and insurance costs


In conclusion, warehousing plays an important role in helping eCommerce sellers and online retailers maintain efficient operations while providing customers with better service levels due to improved inventory management capabilities afforded by these facilities etc. It is therefore important for businesses operating within this industry sector to understand each type available thoroughly before selecting the one most suitable according to their particular needs etc. Only then will they be able to maximize the benefits derived from using these specialized storage solutions effectively etc.

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