PCOS: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

PCOS: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that impacts women of reproductive age. It is a quite frequent disorder, which occurs in about 10% of women. PCOS may lead to several symptoms such as irregular menstrual periods, hirsutism and acne. There is no known cure for PCOS but there are various ways to manage the symptoms and prevent complications that may arise.

What are the signs of PCOS?

The three main features of PCOS are:The three main features of PCOS are:

  • Irregular periods: This may include irregular periods, scanty periods, or prolonged periods.
  • Excess androgen: Androgens are male sex hormones that are found in small amounts in women. In PCOS, the ovaries may secrete too much androgen, which may cause features such as hirsutism and acne.
  • Polycystic ovaries: The ovaries may have multiple small sacs filled with fluid (follicles) that hold developing eggs. But it is crucial to understand that not all women with PCOS have cysts on their ovaries.

Other possible symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Baldness
  • Oily skin
  • Skin tags
  • Weight gain
  • Difficulty getting pregnant

What causes PCOS?

The cause of PCOS is still not well understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and hormonal factors. It is believed that genetic factors may be involved, with women with family history of PCOS being at higher risk. Insulin resistance, a state in which the body is unable to use insulin properly, has also been linked to PCOS.

How is PCOS diagnosed?

PCOS is not diagnosed by a specific test. The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of the woman’s symptoms and her past history. The best gynecologist in Lahore may do a pelvic exam, blood test to check hormone levels, and an ultrasound of the ovaries.

How is PCOS treated?

Currently, there is no known cure for PCOS but that does not mean that the symptoms cannot be treated and a woman’s health cannot be improved. It will vary based on the woman’s needs and desires, including whether she wants to get pregnant.Here are some common treatment options:

  • Lifestyle changes: Adopting healthy lifestyles such as taking balanced meals, exercising, and keeping a healthy weight can help alleviate symptoms of PCOS.
  • Medication: Medications can also be used to control periods, minimize androgen levels, and enhance the chances of conception.
  • Birth control pills: Birth control pills can help in controlling periods and decreasing androgen levels.

Living with PCOS

PCOS is a condition that can be managed. Most women with PCOS can achieve good health and enjoy a normal life provided they undergo the necessary treatment and make the right lifestyle changes. If you suspect that you have PCOS, it is advisable to seek the services of a doctor to get a diagnosis and management plan.


PCOS might seem like a difficult condition, but the good news is that with information and early intervention, it doesn’t have to control your life. With the help of your best gynecologist in Karachi it is possible to control the symptoms of PCOS and lead a normal, healthy life.

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