6 Types of Stocks You Should Avoid

Over 6,800 firms are listed on India’s National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange. Different kinds of equities are exchanged every day. The vast array of stock classifications makes it simple to become perplexed. 

Investing in the stock market offers the potential for significant returns, but it’s not without its pitfalls. Navigating through the multitude of options can be daunting, and not all stocks are created equal. Understanding which types of stocks to avoid is just as important as knowing which ones to pursue. This guide aims to shed light on six categories of stocks that investors should exercise caution with or altogether avoid.

From low visibility companies that do comprehensive research a challenge to high-debt companies that may struggle with financial stability, each category presents unique risks that could adversely affect your investment portfolio. Additionally, falling knife category companies may seem like a bargain during a steep decline, but the unpredictability of their recovery can lead to substantial losses. Moreover, low-liquidity companies and speculative or penny stocks come with their own set of complexities that require careful consideration.

Let’s explore which six types of stocks do not deserve to stay in your trading account.

What Types of Stocks Should You Avoid Investing In?

Low-profile businesses

Stock ownership is comparable to having a stake in a company. You should be knowledgeable about a company’s business procedures, efficiency of operations, and past performance.

It could be challenging to get this information on some businesses, though. These companies are known as low visibility firms. Making the necessary research takes time. Furthermore, it’s possible that the data is inaccurate. Some manipulators may even consciously make mistakes.

High-Debt Companies

Companies can raise capital through debt to fund ongoing operations or asset acquisition. When debt levels spiral out of hand, it may be a serious issue since interest costs might become prohibitive. Businesses with a high debt-to-equity ratio occasionally struggle to make debt payments after a certain point, particularly during an economic downturn.

The debt-to-equity ratio or the debt-to-liability ratio should be examined by investors. You may check the typical amount of debt in India for the industry a firm is in to see if it is among the high-debt corporations in that country.

Sharply Falling Stocks Category

You run the risk of hurting yourself if you try to catch a falling knife. Companies in the falling knife category have stock prices falling quickly. Some investors could be enticed to purchase a stock at a bargain when it falls sharply. However, it is impossible to predict how long a stock will decline and when it will recover again.

If you purchase a stock that is dropping quickly and it keeps falling, you will lose money. An effect of declining stock prices on a corporation is buyer reluctance, which might drive down stock prices due to poor demand.

Low Liquidity Companies

Liquid assets allow for rapid cash withdrawals without losing value. A company has high liquidity if a significant amount of its assets are liquid.

Companies with limited liquidity are more likely to borrow money from outside sources to pay off their debts. Increasing debt to pay off debts is a slippery slope. A company with weak liquidity is more likely to get caught up in a debt cycle than one with excellent liquidity.

Speculative or Penny Stocks

Speculative or penny stocks are shares of companies with very low market capitalization and are often priced at a very low value, typically below a dollar. These stocks are highly volatile and can be manipulated easily due to their low trading volumes. While they may seem attractive due to the potential for high returns, they also come with a high level of risk. Many of these companies may have uncertain business models limited track records, and may not be subject to the same regulatory scrutiny as larger, more established companies.

Companies with Poor Governance and Ethical Practices

Investing in companies with poor governance practices, ethical issues, or a history of corporate misconduct can be risky. Such companies may have a track record of legal issues, accounting irregularities, or unethical behavior that can negatively impact their stock performance in the long run. It’s important for investors to research and consider the reputation and ethical standing of a company before investing in its stock.


Remember, it’s always crucial for investors to conduct thorough research and due diligence before making any investment decisions. Diversifying a portfolio across different sectors and types of investments can also help manage risk. Consulting with a financial advisor or professional can provide valuable insights and guidance tailored to individual investment goals and risk tolerance. There are so many demat apps available but for a reliable and smooth experience try kotak securities demat app and kick start your trading journey!


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