Braces: Types, Procedure, Aftercare

Braces are orthodontic devices used to correct misaligned teeth and jaw irregularities. They help improve dental alignment, bite function, and overall oral health. Braces work by applying gentle pressure to gradually move teeth into their desired positions. In this article, we will explore different types of braces, the procedure for getting braces, and the necessary aftercare to ensure successful treatment outcomes.

Types of Braces:

  • Traditional Metal Braces: These are the most common type of braces and consist of metal brackets that are bonded to the teeth. Archwires are threaded through the brackets and are periodically tightened to exert pressure on the teeth and guide their movement. To get them, visit a hospital such as Shifa International Hospital.


  • Ceramic Braces: Ceramic braces are similar to traditional metal braces, but the brackets are made of tooth-colored or clear ceramic material, making them less noticeable. They are a popular choice for those seeking a more aesthetically pleasing option.


  • Lingual Braces: Lingual braces are placed on the backside of the teeth, making them virtually invisible from the front. They are custom-made to fit each patient’s teeth and are a discreet option for individuals who prefer a hidden treatment.


  • Clear Aligners: Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, are a series of custom-made clear trays that fit over the teeth. They are removable and gradually shift the teeth into alignment. Clear aligners offer flexibility and are nearly invisible, making them a popular choice for adults and image-conscious individuals.

Procedure for Getting Braces:

  1. Consultation and Evaluation: The first step is to consult with an orthodontist who will evaluate your dental condition, discuss treatment options, and create a customized treatment plan.


  1. Preparation and Bonding: If traditional braces are chosen, the orthodontist will clean and dry your teeth before applying a bonding agent to attach the brackets. Archwires are then threaded through the brackets and secured with elastic or metal ligatures.


  1. Adjustment and Progression: Regular appointments will be scheduled to adjust the braces, tighten the wires, and monitor the progress of tooth movement. These adjustments are typically made every 4-8 weeks.


  1. Additional Appliances: In some cases, additional appliances like rubber bands, headgear, or palate expanders may be used to address specific alignment issues.

Aftercare for Braces:

  • Oral Hygiene: Proper oral hygiene is essential during braces treatment. Brush your teeth after every meal and floss daily, taking care to clean around the brackets and wires. Use an orthodontic toothbrush and floss threaders to navigate around the braces effectively.


  • Diet and Nutrition: Avoid hard, sticky, or chewy foods that can damage braces or get stuck. Cut foods into smaller pieces and opt for softer options to make eating more comfortable.


  • Regular Dental Check-ups: Continue with routine dental check-ups to monitor your oral health and receive professional cleanings. Your orthodontist will also adjust the braces and track your progress during these appointments.


  • Compliance with Instructions: Follow the instructions provided by your orthodontist regarding wearing elastics, using appliances, and any additional care guidelines specific to your treatment.


  • Mouthguard for Sports: If you participate in sports or physical activities, wear a mouthguard to protect your braces and teeth from injury.


  • Retainers: After the braces are removed, retainers will be prescribed to maintain the new tooth positions. Follow the instructions for retainer use to prevent relapse and ensure the long-term success of your orthodontic treatment.


Braces are effective orthodontic devices for correcting teeth misalignment and improving oral health. To get braces, book an appointment with the Best Dentist in Lahore.

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